Опасные «мифы» о весенних палах

Несмотря на официальные запреты, штрафы и активную пропагандистскую работу с населением, наши граждане каждый год упорно продолжают жечь поля. Огромные выгоревшие территории, едкий дым, затянувший всю область, догорающие соседские сараи ничуть не смущают предприимчивых борцов за «чистоту полей и обновление природы». Все дело в устоявшихся ложных представлениях и «мифах» о пользе весенних палов, которые традиционно передаются в народе из поколения в поколение.

Многие думают, что сжигание полей приносит пользу – пепел удобряет почву, на голой земле быстрее прорастает свежая трава, уничтожаются вредные насекомые и клещи. Все эти убеждения ошибочны. Во-первых, зола от сгоревшей травы не представляет особой ценности для почвы и быстро разносится ветром. А вот верхний плодородный слой очень страдает от огня, обедняя почву, сгорают семена и свежие ростки, повреждаются корни многолетних растений. Таким образом, выгоревшее поле становится малопригодным для разнотравья, на место которого приходят более неприхотливые сорняки и бурьян.

Во-вторых, большая часть клещей успевает спрятаться в земле и под камнями, пережидают там опасность, после чего выползают на поверхность. «Борцы» с клещами сами создают им благоприятные условия жизни, уничтожая их естественных врагов – полевых птиц, ящериц, лягушек и жаб, пауков, муравьев, стрекоз, жужелиц, которые погибают в огне весенних палов. Кроме того, травяные пожары опасны для других полевых обитателей – мышей, зайцев, ежей и других животных, оказавшихся в поле в неудачное время.

      
      
 

Так же люди забывают, что весенний пал – явление неконтролируемое. При сильном ветре огонь распространяется со скоростью до 25-30 км/час, часто перекидываясь на близлежащие леса, населенные пункты, повреждая жилые и нежилые постройки, дачные участки, объекты экономики и инфраструктуры. Кроме того, дым и продукты горения, выделяющиеся от травяных палов, наносят серьезный вред здоровью, особенно людям с болезнями дыхательной и сердечнососудистой системы, пожилым и новорожденным.

 

Уважаемые граждане! Для кого-то карантин может стать поводом заняться уборкой на приусадебных участках, пожарить в лесу первые шашлыки или просто отдохнуть на природе и насладиться свежим воздухом, а досрочные каникулы оборачиваются временем для весенних развлечений и шалостей с огнем. Таким образом, значительно возрастает нагрузка на природные территории и появляется риск возникновения травяных и лесных пожаров. В связи с этим, Лесопожарная служба убедительно просит Вас не поджигать сухую траву, а так же провести разъяснительные беседы с Вашими детьми, родственниками, друзьями, соседями и прочими потенциальными поджигателями.

Напоминаем вам, что поджог сухой травы – это административное правонарушение, за которое положено наказание в виде штрафа размером:

– 2 – 3 тыс. руб. для граждан;

– 6 – 15 тыс. руб. для должностных лиц;

– 20 – 30 тыс. руб. для лиц, осуществляющих предпринимательскую деятельность без образования юридического лица;

– 150 – 200 тыс. руб. для юридических лиц.

При обнаружении лесного пожара или травяного пала, угрожающего лесному фонду, незамедлительно сообщите о нем на Прямую линию лесной охраны по бесплатному номеру 8-800-100-94-00 или через мобильное приложение «Берегите лес».

 

По материалам ОГБУ «Лесопожарная служба Смоленской области»

 

Опасные «мифы» о весенних палах: 57 комментариев

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